United Kingdom

Registration procedures and residence permits

Kinds of employment
Children under the age of 14 are generally not allowed to work at all (there are some exceptions), By law, children aged 14–16 may only do light work and there are restrictions on the type of work, the number of hours and the times of day they are allowed work. Most employers recruiting workers from abroad will only consider applications from people aged 18 or over. A contract of employment is an agreement between an employer and an employee. Your rights and duties, and those of your employer, are called the ‘terms' of the contract. The government does not require employers to use a specific type of contract but the terms must comply with employment law. Contracts can be for permanent or temporary duration, whether for full time or part time employees. Employers may also use the following contracts: 1. Fixed-term Contracts - These contracts last for a certain length of time which is set in advance. The contract ends when a specific task is completed or a specific event takes place. 2. Zero Hour Contracts - There are no specified working hours and the employer does not have to provide you with work. Instead, work is provided on an 'as required' basis and you are only paid for hours actually worked. These contracts are becoming increasingly commonplace in the UK. Whilst popular with some, who enjoy the flexibility offered, many people find these contracts unsuitable due to the unpredictable amount of work provided. 3. Agency Workers - Employers often hire staff through recruitment agencies. If the position is permanent or fixed term, the contract is usually between the worker and the hiring company but if position is temporary the contract is usually between the worker and the agency. If an agency worker spends 12 weeks in the same job with the same hirer, they qualify for equal treatment. This means they’re entitled to the same basic terms and conditions as employees doing the same job in the same workplace.

Source: https://ec.europa.eu/eures/main.jsp?catId=8127&acro=living&lang=en&parentId=7767&countryId=UK&living=
Source: https://ec.europa.eu/eures/main.jsp?catId=8259&acro=living&lang=en&parentId=7800&countryId=UK&living=