Registration procedures and residence permits
Kinds of employment
- Citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland have the right of free movement and residence in the UK. To enter the UK you do not need a visa but you will need a 10-year EEA passport or a valid national identity card, which will be checked by an immigration officer on your arrival in the UK.
- If your family are EEA or Swiss nationals they can usually join you and enjoy similar rights. Non-EEA family members must get an EEA family permit before they travel to the UK if they are citizens of a country who always need visas to enter the UK, or if they are coming to stay for longer than six months. The family member should apply for this at the British Embassy or High Commission in their country of residence, before coming to the UK, Non-EEA nationals will need a visa or entry clearance for all stays in the UK over 6 months.
- If you are a national of a country in the EEA or Switzerland other than Croatia you do not need a work permit to work in the UK.
- Citizens of Croatia wanting to work in the UK will need permission to work as an employee in the UK before starting work. Generally you will need an offer of employment to obtain permission to work.
- If you have a right to live in the UK, you do not need a residence permit or need to register with the police. Should you wish, you can apply for a residence permit from the Home Office Visas and Immigration. This is valid for 5 years, confirms your right to live in the UK under European Community Law and allows you to apply for residence documents for eligible family members who are not EEA citizens. If you are from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) and living with a European partner or family member, you can also apply for a residence permit.
Children under the age of 14 are generally not allowed to work at all (there are some exceptions), By law, children aged 14–16 may only do light work and there are restrictions on the type of work, the number of hours and the times of day they are allowed work. Most employers recruiting workers from abroad will only consider applications from people aged 18 or over.
A contract of employment is an agreement between an employer and an employee. Your rights and duties, and those of your employer, are called the ‘terms' of the contract. The government does not require employers to use a specific type of contract but the terms must comply with employment law. Contracts can be for permanent or temporary duration, whether for full time or part time employees. Employers may also use the following contracts: 1. Fixed-term Contracts - These contracts last for a certain length of time which is set in advance. The contract ends when a specific task is completed or a specific event takes place. 2. Zero Hour Contracts - There are no specified working hours and the employer does not have to provide you with work. Instead, work is provided on an 'as required' basis and you are only paid for hours actually worked. These contracts are becoming increasingly commonplace in the UK. Whilst popular with some, who enjoy the flexibility offered, many people find these contracts unsuitable due to the unpredictable amount of work provided. 3. Agency Workers - Employers often hire staff through recruitment agencies. If the position is permanent or fixed term, the contract is usually between the worker and the hiring company but if position is temporary the contract is usually between the worker and the agency. If an agency worker spends 12 weeks in the same job with the same hirer, they qualify for equal treatment. This means they’re entitled to the same basic terms and conditions as employees doing the same job in the same workplace.