Registration procedures and residence permits
Kinds of employment
- Citizens of the EU countries, Liechtenstein and Switzerland do not need a residence permit in Finland. However, they have to register as a resident in Finland if their residence continues for more than three months. Registering takes place at the local police station, except for citizens of Nordic countries, who register at the Local Registry Office.
- Citizens of Nordic countries (Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Faroe Islands and Greenland) need to register when their residence continues for more than six months. A person moving to Finland from a Nordic country must notify the local registration authority about the move and present a document showing his or her identity (passport, identity card provided by the police, or similar).
- A residence permit is normally valid for five years. If the employment contract lasts for less than a year, a residence permit will be granted only for the duration of the employment contract. A residence permit is automatically granted to EU citizens once they have obtained a job or study right in Finland or once they have begun to practise a trade in Finland. For EU/EEA citizens, issues such as working, studying or having family ties in Finland may have an effect on the process of registering as a resident.
- In order to register as a resident with the local police, the following documents (depending on the grounds of the application) are required: EU registration form; residence card application (Family members of EU nationals); family ties form; marriage certificate; employer’s certificate of employment contract; account of business activity; student registration certificate and clear evidence of valid health insurance; declaration of guaranteed means of support; photograph; national identify card or passport; other documents required by the authority.
- A citizen of a foreign country is required by law to report the same information to the population register as Finnish citizens must do, if the residence in Finland continues for a minimum of one year. Registration takes place at the Local Registry Office. Non-nationals temporarily resident in Finland may also provide a voluntary notification of registration to either to the Social Insurance Institution (Kela) office or to the inland revenue office as well as to the local register office. Residence is temporary if it is for less than one year.
A permanent employment contract may be entered into by a person aged 15 or above, who has completed his or her compulsory education. Light temporary work during school holidays may be done by a young person who reaches 14 years of age during the calendar year in question.
The majority of employment contracts are permanent, although fixed-term employment contracts have become more common. Part-time work, however, is not as common in Finland as it is elsewhere in Europe. Thanks to family leave and the day care system, women participate actively in working life, and are generally engaged in full-time work.
There is a large number of private sector companies providing personnel recruitment services in Finland. Companies providing personnel recruitment services and other private employment agency companies are not allowed to charge the employee, instead, the cost of their services is paid by the company using these services.
In Finland there are many opportunities for seasonal work. For example, summer workers are required in the horticultural, agricultural, catering and tourism sectors.